In the introduction to Warrior Life, Niigaanwewidam James Sinclair explains that in Anishnaabemowin, the word for warrior, ogichidaa, means a person “who dedicates their entire life to building, sustaining and protecting community” (ix). Pamela Palmater embodies this practice in her life, and also in this book.
Warrior Life is a collection of Palmater’s essays previously published in journals and blogs, including Indigenous Nationhood, Lawyer’s Daily, and Maclean’s. For this reason, some of the information is repeated from piece to piece, as Palmater lays the groundwork for each article. When reading the book cover-to-cover, this repetition helps reiterate the most important issues faced by Indigenous folks across the country. The book is divided into five sections focusing on politics, racism, sexualized genocide, “Canada as an Outlaw”, and resistance over reconciliation. Every piece in this collection is infused with Palmater’s considerable expertise as a lawyer, activist, professor, Chair of Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University, and as a Mi’kmaw woman.
Palmater is very clear in her writing: she is not interested in empty promises for reconciliation from the Canadian government. Instead, the path forward is about resistance—resisting colonialism, racism, and Indigenous erasure wherever present. She is particularly tired of lip service; the Truth and Reconciliation Commission report and the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls show us, “It is no longer up for debate. Canada is guilty of genocide… [this finding] is based firmly on the evidence and the law” (147). Palmater argues that there is no use mincing words; the only path towards Indigenous sovereignty is to acknowledge the continued government-enforced harm done to Indigenous Peoples and their communities and start listening to and providing what these communities need.
For me, the most searing pieces in the book were about the ongoing crisis of the missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. My heart aches whenever I read about the racism involved in the disregard for these women’s lives. I am disgusted and frightened by the perpetrators of this violence, and enraged by the institutionalized racism Indigenous people encounter so frequently, especially at the hands of the RCMP, local police departments, and even in hospitals, where they can be denied the same care and empathy given to non-Indigenous patients, as we’ve seen recently in news stories from across the country. Warrior Life forces readers to take a close look at the suffering caused by a settler society that was founded on the abuse of Indigenous People and highlights the ongoing struggle against anti-Indigenous racism that is shamefully either not acknowledged or swept under the rug.
Rather than feeling defeated when reading about these injustices, Palmater asks that we channel this discomfort into action: we need to listen to Indigenous peoples. The last chapters of the book focus on the future of Indigenous activism and have a hopeful tone for the future. Warrior Life is clearly an excellent resource for anyone studying Indigenous governance and Indigenous issues, but I think its audience is wider than that. Any settler living on this land has a responsibility to learn about Indigenous history and current Indigenous issues. Pamela Palmater offers a laser-focused perspective in this book.
(This review was previously published at Atlantic Books Today. It is reprinted here by arrangement.)
About the author: Pamela Palmater is a Mi’kmaw lawyer, professor and Chair in Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University. She is the author of Indigenous Nationhood and Beyond Blood.
- ISBN: 9781773632902
- October 2020
- 272 Pages
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